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Stages of Pressure Ulcers

 

 

Pressure Ulcers are categorised into 4 stages of severity:

  • Grade 1 – reddened skin which persists for more than 30 minutes after pressure has been relieved.
  • Grade 2 – superficial skin damage. May present as a blister or as an abrasion.
  • Grade 3 – full thickness skin loss not extending to bone or muscle. This grade is not usually painful.
  • Grade 4 – full thickness skin loss with extensive tissue damage through muscle and bone.

Stage 1

Reddened skin which persists for more than 30 minutes after pressure has been relieved. Nonblanchable erythema of intact skin heralding lesion of skin ulceration. In individuals with darker skin, discoloration of the skin, warmth, edema, induration or hardness may be indicators.

 

Stage 2

Partial thickness skin loss involving epidermis, dermis, or both. The ulcer is superficial and presents clinically as an abrasion, blister, or shallow center.

 

Stage 3

Full thickness skin loss involving damage to or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue that may extend down to, but not through underlying fascia. The ulcer presents clinically as deep crater with or without undermining of adjacent tissue.

 

Stage 4

Full thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue necrosis, or damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures (e.g, tendon, joint capsule). Undermining and sinus tracts also may be associated with Stage IV pressure ulcers.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Client Testimonials

  • Mrs A suffered a grade 3/4 sacral pressure sore which developed within hours of her being given an epidural injection during childbirth. The sore took months to heal and we obtained a damages award for Mrs A in excess of £40,000

  • Mrs B deceased suffered a grade 2 sacral pressure sore whilst being cared for in a nursing home. The pressure sore was not the cause of death but caused discomfort during the last few weeks of her life. We secured a damages award payable to the next of kin in excess of £7,000

  • Mrs C suffered a grade 4 pressure sore resulting in major tissue loss and mobility complications. The pressure sore healed following extensive treatment but damages claimed were in excess of £100,000